Not all forms of predator control are equal, but there’s an underlying core belief for the advocates of these killing programs that the predators are infringing upon our human prerogatives and our ordering of the world. We’re the ones who want to exploit prey populations, and predators be damned if they interrupt our best-laid plans.
Aerial gunning of wolves in Alaska—done to boost populations of moose and caribou for hunters to shoot—is surely one of the most indefensible. Mass killing of coyotes by the U.S. Department of Agriculture Wildlife Services branch—about 90,000 coyotes a year—is done in part as a psychological salve for ranchers with a paranoia and hatred of these opportunistic and adaptable canids. The proposal to kill a limited number of sea lions in the Columbia River near Portland, as a means of saving threatened and endangered populations of salmon, has greater moral complexity than the above-mentioned examples, but is still a bad and unworthy idea.
My colleague John Balzar, The HSUS’s senior vice president for communications and former Northwest bureau chief for the Los Angeles Times, covered natural resource and environmental issues for years. He reported on many of the major social and ecological conflicts that stirred debate in all corners of the region. He’s got just the right take and perspective on the proposed killing of sea lions, and I encourage you to read a column he wrote for the Seattle Times that appeared yesterday, which I’ve included below.
And after you are done with that, please write to the National Marine Fisheries Service by Feb. 19 and urge them to pursue exclusively non-lethal means of managing conflicts between sea lions and salmon and to look to the more serious culprits in the decline of salmon populations.
Killing sea lions will not save Columbia River salmon
By John Balzar
Special to The Times
When the government gets ready to kill predators in a desperate effort to save prey, you can be sure that something’s way wrong in nature. And these days, what’s wrong can usually be traced to human mistakes.
That’s exactly the situation on the great Columbia River at Bonneville Dam.
Here, the federally protected sea lion swims in troubled waters with the chinook salmon, and bad news is brewing.
To step back: The people of the Pacific Northwest understand only too well why salmon stocks are suffering on the Columbia. Bonneville and the other dams that straddle the Oregon-Washington border have horribly compromised the fabled fish’s ability to travel, reproduce, survive and thrive.
There also is the steady pressure of human fishing — both in the river and in the offshore ocean. Spawning streams upriver are despoiled by such things as clear-cut logging. And, oh yes, sea lions feed on some salmon during the spring chinook run. The latter fact happens to be a minor one in the larger story. According to scientists, sea lions eat just 4 percent of the chinooks that pass Bonneville.
Wouldn’t you know it, though, some people cling to the false hope that killing sea lions at the dam will mitigate the larger problem. Logic, science and compassion all argue to the contrary, and sober-sided residents of the region need to sound off against this misguided notion. Killing sea lions will not save the salmon, but will — in fact — make things worse by wasting valuable time.
For instance, a recent federal impact analysis concluded that the greatest challenges facing the fish are the survival of juveniles and harmful hatchery practices. Predation by sea lions was not listed as a key factor limiting the salmon’s recovery.
The real choice is not salmon or sea lions, it’s whether to act wisely and increase salmon numbers or whether to add another management mistake to the long record of them while the fish are left to struggle.
Think of it this way: When you kill a sea lion, what takes his place?
You’re right, another sea lion.
On Jan. 18, the National Marine Fisheries Service issued a proposal to kill up to 85 California sea lions near Bonneville Dam out of the 1,000 or so that are estimated to be in the Columbia River vicinity. The public has the opportunity to comment on this proposal until Feb. 19. Concerned residents need to speak out directly — for the sake of the salmon and all the wild creatures that play honorable roles in nature’s economy.
The people of the Pacific Northwest rejoice in their proximity to wildness. I know. I’ve lived and worked there, and a share of my heart will always be in that corner of the country. Residents rightly credit themselves with a special degree of appreciation for the living panoramas that surround this wonderful region. They also understand that along the Columbia, we need more of nature in all its grand variety, not less — not when it’s so very precious.
Government officials are in a tight spot, to be sure. But, they need to be reminded that there is no excuse to report back to headquarters that they are "doing something" if that something is wrong. This time, they’re dead wrong. The salmon will not benefit from this diversion of management resources.
Sea lions are majestic creatures. They don’t deserve to be made into that commonplace political species known as the "scapegoat."