VICTORY: Court rejects challenge to federal cockfighting ban in Puerto Rico, Guam and other U.S. territories
By Kitty Block and Sara Amundson
A federal court has rejected an attempt to stop Congress from closing a loophole that allowed cockfighters to continue operating in U.S. territories, including Puerto Rico and Guam, despite the fact that cockfighting is a felony in all U.S. states.
Cockfighting organizations had challenged the ban, but a federal district court for the District of Puerto Rico ruled today that Congress was well within its power to make amendments earlier this year to the Animal Welfare Act in order to clarify that an existing ban on cockfighting in all U.S. states applies equally to U.S. territories.
The court rejected all of the plaintiffs’ claims, including an argument that the law violates principles and rights protected under the U.S. Constitution, such as the right to free speech and association. “A live-bird fighting venture does not fall within any expressive or non-expressive protected conduct,” the court said.
The court also declined to stay implementation of the law while the plaintiffs seek an appeal of this ruling, meaning the law will take effect as planned on December 20 this year.
Earlier this month, the Department of Justice had filed a brief strongly defending the expansion of the law.
Cockfighting is a despicable business that pits one animal against another for gambling and entertainment, and it is a felony in all U.S. states. But unless U.S. territories are included in the ban, we cannot wipe out these bloody spectacles entirely. Puerto Rico and Guam are a hub for American cockfighting, with enthusiasts openly raising birds and participating in fights. Cockfighting arenas are even located near airports to attract tourist dollars.
A ban on cockfighting can also protect communities from crimes associated with animal fighting, like illegal drug dealing and human violence, and from disease transmission risks, including bird flu and diseases that can decimate poultry flocks. Moreover, it’s also what a majority of Puerto Ricans want – a 2017 poll of 1,000 registered voters found that two out of three Puerto Ricans favor a ban on cockfighting.
For all of these reasons, and for the sake of the millions of birds who are now trapped in a gruesome industry that profits off their injury and death, we applaud the court’s ruling. These protections for roosters are long-overdue and well-deserved, and we are excited that very soon they will be in effect in every U.S. jurisdiction, with no exceptions.
Sara Amundson is president of the Humane Society Legislative Fund.